The National Decision Model (NDM) is suitable for all decisions and should be used by everyone in policing. Search, detain and arrest unlawful intruders. If you are a patrol officer doing a search it is helpful to think of yourself as a “scout.” You are there to ascertain presence of a subject and activity, not necessarily engage in a pitched battle. Risk: None to the officer. Advocates of evidence-based policing emphasize the value of statistical analysis, empirical research and ideally randomized controlled trials. Here we can use the equation from both a command and a control standpoint and from an individual officer point of view. Option 4: Do a dynamic entry with your partner and take the offender out. interacts online and researches product purchases Copyright: Ronald E. Avery), Request product info from top Police Training companies. Once a decision is taken, it implies commitment of resources. What I am going to share with you is a tactical decision making equation in regards to critical thinking and decision making. Ron Avery was the co-founder and director of training for The Tactical Performance Center (TPC) located in St. George, Utah. The tactical adviser’s log should never be used to document command decisions. You reposition your body and trap his arm nearest your gun .You bring the gun to bear and shoot him through the arm and body; ending the conflict. Its effects are profound in application. Neither of you hit the other. With a perimeter secured, time is on your side. In split seconds an incapacitating blow would likely have come down and taken you out of the fight. While on a domestic disturbance call you have contacted a large, belligerent subject in the parking lot. Taser at close range may not be effective. You are rapidly approaching physical exhaustion. You can go by the variables, step by step, and explain what you did and why. How long will you wait? When there is time enough, and the situation is complex enough, commanders use the MDMP to make decisions. These vested interests are often not overtly expressed, but may be a crucial blockage. * (From The Rocky Mountain Tactical Institute - Non-Profit 501(c) (3) Standards and Guidelines for Training (2007), Tactical Decision Making Equation. Option 3: Immediate assault with first available officers. Decision making is central to all the managerial activities, be it planning, organizing, staffing, directing or controlling. You've been successfully signed up for the Police1 Career Newsletter. Isolate their mobility and rapidly neutralize them. Option 3 sounds best to me, given this situation. Option 3: Protect your head and neck by re-positioning to the side. Whatever knowledge, skills, training and abilities you and your partner can bring to bear that is relevant to the situation and will help you both manage the risk and accomplish the mission at hand. Compare alternatives. Much room for discussion here. Risks: Lowest to officers but not to students. The best thing you can do for yourself is know your job inside and out, know what your agency expects from you, and more importantly, learn from your mistakes. Liability risks are also part of this area. Shift Briefing Series: Tactical decision-making Five-step model assists with making repeatable and defendable decisions The Shift Briefing Series is designed to provide law enforcement officers with short training videos that will help make them smarter, safer and more efficient in daily operations and when responding to critical incidents. It is often th… Short Range is generally defined as a period of time extending about one year or less in the future. First priority: Stop the killing, takes precedence over other mission needs. This understanding is the result of approaching tactical decision-making from a systems-view. You were stuck in an extremely vulnerable position with a physically superior opponent in terms of size and strength and you were being attacked with deadly force. Dissecting Crisis Communication But what we need is an objective tool to measure success instead of basing … When viewed as a system, tactical combat represents an ‘environmental dichotomy’ that parallels the two suggested methods of decision-making proposed by historical doctrine. But what we need is an objective tool to measure success instead of basing actions on subjective standards. All rights reserved. Risks: Gunfight at close range. From there, your life is in the hands of the attacker. and Privacy Policy. Predict costs and benefits of each alternative. Combat training is being aware of and understanding your environment and taking action based on changes to the situation. Building search. It's the most comprehensive and trusted online destination for law enforcement agencies and police departments worldwide. Every day, officers face myriad situations on the street where they have to make decisions on how to proceed. OC or Taser or baton. In times when there is a difference of opinion about how to proceed in a given situation, putting things in a format such as this allows for clarification of key points that make the difference. The video also provides a decision-making model – P.I.E.T.O. Video: LEO ambushed, shot 6 times by stranded motorist, LA Police Commission: Officer broke policy with final two shots in fatal encounter, 2 Ark. The videos address key components of the Top 20 Concepts, a class I created and have presented around the country since 2011. Individual Access - Free COVID-19 Courses, Open the tools menu in your browser. (ETA’s of more than an hour are common in rural parts of the US.). No. Option 3: Move to the doorway with your partner. Take the bad guys under fire and put them under duress. Training officers were independent of the research study and were not involved in study design or implementation to avoid bias. … Trained actors (experienced police officers) conducted the scenarios so as to enhance the reality of the incidents. What are the risks associated with the various options available to you? What needs to be accomplished? Option 2: Deploy a less lethal option from your belt. This equation can be used in a court of law and can be easily understood by a jury. – for use on everyday calls and tactical events. ETA 15 minutes. Whatever you decide can have a good or bad outcome depending on how you set yourself up when first attacking the issue. As you start to use it, you will find that it fits every situation you will come across and will give you a more concise way of evaluating situations in the field. You are in a very vulnerable position. August 2010. David Pearson is a lieutenant with Fort Collins Police Services in Fort Collins, Colorado. If you need further help setting your homepage, check your browser’s Help menu, 10 must-listen-to Policing Matters podcasts of 2020, Five-step model assists with making repeatable and defendable decisions. Lexipol. Seconds count. Your mission has changed from defusing the situation or arresting the subject to a close quarter survival situation. Your opponent was clearly winning this fight on a physical level. Additional tasks: Stabilize and evacuate the critically injured, protect, evacuate or control the student population. It can be applied: 1. to spontaneous incidents or planned operations 2. by an individual or team of people 3. to both operational and non-operational situations. You won’t find yourself at a loss for words when you have to explain your actions in the aftermath of a situation. Risk vs. Police Decision-Making: A Futures Perspective by Richard Myers, Joseph Schafer, and Bernard Levin. This formula, and the critical thinking skills it develops, can help ahead of time in training scenarios, at the moment of truth when lives hang in the balance, and afterward when you have to articulate and justify your actions. Your mission changed from arrest-and-control to the need to protect your life. Trap his arm on that side and access lethal force tools available to aid you in your survival. This might also be your backup firearm if he was lying across your primary weapon. Time is on your side. This five-step model assists with making repeatable and defendable decisions and is easy to remember. What are the benefits of using Murphy’s TDM model. Why are you there? Good officers with “street smarts” use this equation subconsciously. About Us. Situation: Thanks! Risks: You must be able to access your available tools without taking a debilitating blow or having the tool taken away and used against you. If you find someone, you don’t necessarily have to fight them. and manufacturers. Thanks to all! Higher chance of a “blue on blue” if other units are injected into the situation without good command and control. You have a partner, a light, a handgun and a long gun in your car. Police1 is revolutionizing the way the law enforcement community Time is working against you. Lexipol. As you rapidly tired, fighting to survive, you could feel the situation becoming more desperate. The business decision-making process is a step-by-step process allowing professionals to solve problems by weighing evidence, examining alternatives, and choosing a path from there. When to make entry into a house, whether to use chemical agents during crowd management , and how to act when responding to a suicidal subject are all decisions made easier through consideration of the Safety Priorities. Is it an arrest, public safety issue, warrant service, military exercise, prisoner snatch, drug raid, etc.? guidance for the onsite leader in tactical decision making essential information is provided to allow the law enforcement leader to function in the dynamic and evolving environment of terrorism wmd natural disasters and public disorder although this is commonly used decision making approach heuristic and ONYX Training Group teaches human-centered, principle-based civilian police tactical decision-making. Subjective terms like “use good judgment” or “common sense” are often used to describe the process of arriving at a successful decision. Each step is discussed in detail. If offender comes out of room, you have the advantage of holding the corner with two guns against his one. Police1 is revolutionizing the way the law enforcement community You move back a few feet so he can’t shoot through the wall at you. The only tool you could access, from your position and your opponent’s position, in the few seconds allowed, was your firearm. You did your last ground fighting skills training a year ago and haven’t done anything since. Futures Working Group Vol 1. Performance criteria. This video discusses tactical decision-making (TDM) for law enforcement. Short-run decision making approach that focuses on the costs and benefits of alternative courses of action. Other priorities are fulfilled as more personnel become available. Copyright © 2020 Police1. What are the needs of the mission/situation that you are in? Within a few minutes (or possibly up to an hour or more in rural locations) you can have more backup with more equipment. Decision makers can use the NDMto structure a rationale of what they did during an incident and why. In this situation, you can clearly articulate why you used the firearm even when you had other resources on your belt. All rights reserved. He has been a police officer since 1990 and held several assignments as a sergeant and lieutenant. He has been a law enforcement instructor since 1996 and has taught a variety of topics to include officer safety, SWAT tactics, active shooter and incident command. Students are being killed. Time is ticking. You stand your ground and return fire as he fires at you. It is designed for any police officer wanting to enhance their survivability in any environment. In total, 23 decisions are analyzed which provide an insight into effective military decision-making. Handgun and ammunition on belt, other items on belt such as pepper spray, baton, Taser, etc. This defined process also provides an opportunity, at the end, to review whether the decision was the right one. Psychophysiological demand and Communication: Implications for Police Officers/ Persons In Crisis Encounters and Training. You and your partner move forward. It can be used for either law enforcement, military or civilian applications. Attempt to take the fight to the subject from the doorway. Use tactical decision-making processes in a prison environment. 2. I believe in and teach based on what I call the cornerstones of policing; Character, Integrity, and Accountability. Does not meet the needs of the situation. David is a two-time Medal of Valor recipient for his actions on patrol and SWAT. Given the nature of the mission, are the risks acceptable and manageable? New online study into moral decision making; The attack on the US Aid convoy in Aleppo: Separating fact from fiction. Mission priorities have to be established immediately. All rights reserved. Mission not fulfilled. A lot of the time, you will find yourself scratching your head trying to figure out why people do the things they do. Explain use of the Critical Decision-Making Model (CDM) in responding to and managing a critical incident. Reporting using the equations would lay out the variables in the aftermath and allow for clear, concise debriefing and testimony. As you come to the doorway, you see a person standing in the room. You can break down the different components and lay out the circumstances in an organized fashion. People tend to default to whatever first comes to mind when they are put under pressure. Decision making is a process of making choices from alternative courses of action, based upon factual and value premises with the intention of moving towards a desired state of affairs. Offender is contained and isolated in the room. Lexipol. You were not able to control the subject using your current physical skills and training. Police est un film réalisé par Anne Fontaine avec Omar Sy, Virginie Efira. Possibly armed subject(s), They have the advantage of cover/concealment and darkness. Group discussion questions are listed after each video to help solidify the topics and ensure the application is in line with your department’s mission and values. Enter “https://www.police1.com/” and click OK. t. e. Evidence-based policing ( EBP) is an approach to policy making and tactical decision-making for police departments. It's the most comprehensive and trusted online destination for law enforcement agencies and police departments worldwide. The third period illustrates the FPU decision making process to enable that unit to accomplish the mandated tasks. Paul says crime prevention is also something the Taupō Tactical Crime Unit work on and is at the heart of their decision making. You start your initial defense as you are taken to the ground with option one. Risk: One good blow to your face from a mounted opponent and it’s lights out for you. Copyright © 2020 La commission d’éthique de la Fifa a suspendu pour cinq ans le président de la Confédération africaine Ahmad Ahmad, lui infligeant de surcroît 200 00… In general, the shorter the time available to you to accomplish the mission, the higher the risk factors on the available options left. interacts online and researches product purchases The class addresses 20 foundational concepts in law enforcement that are based in law, policy and ethics, are repeatable and defensible, and assist with critical incident decision-making. Copyright © 2020 Managers use tactical planning to outline what the various parts of the organization must do for the organization to be successful at some point one year or less into the future. He is in the room with no exits but the doorway. Supervisors and trainers can use this equation to review actions by officers and look at the reasoning behind the decisions in an organized way. What resources can you access during the mission/situation with the time available to you? Immediate action drills are great when you are surprised and need to survive the first moments of a crisis. I would like to thank my advisory council members (Rocky Mountain Tactical Institute) for their timely input and advice in putting together this piece. No external window to the outside. Remember, he’s got you down on the ground already and is in a position of advantage. Title: Tactical Decision Making 1 Tactical Decision Making. Copyright © 2020 Select the option or tab named “Internet Options (Internet Explorer)”, “Options (Firefox)”, “Preferences (Safari)” or “Settings (Chrome)”. As you come to a back room, you hear a noise that you suspect is a person. You now have a larger, stronger opponent on top of you. In 2017, David started his company, Rocky Mountain Blue Line Consulting, LLC, and provides expert witness assistance and consulting. How often are decisions based on what was done in your most recent training -- or something you read about or did the last time you were in a similar situation, rather than really looking at the situation and figuring out the best way to handle it? Make a Tentative Plan Develop Courses of Action Analyze Courses of Action “See the Threat” 4. The Shift Briefing Series is designed to provide law enforcement officers with short training videos that will help make them smarter, safer and more efficient in daily operations and when responding to critical incidents. Risks: While you are reaching for your belt, you leave yourself open to a smashing attack from above. Ron passed away on February 23, 2019, leaving a legacy of contributions to police firearms and defensive tactics training. Decision-making processes often founder under the weight of vested interests. Decision-making pitfalls are highlighted, followed by some considerations. 2.1 Describe factors that must be taken into account when making tactical decisions in a prison. Officers must first be self-aware concerning their own strengths and weaknesses, fears and biases, if they are to be effective in times of crises. Decision-making pitfalls are highlighted, followed by some considerations. How many decisions are made based on a “tactical recipe” like the 21 foot “rule”? You proceed with Option 3. Training to use this equation under duress is the real key to good decision making. How many decisions are made based on a “tactical recipe” like the 21 foot “rule”? Gun, backup gun, knife etc. Risks: Very high when you close the distance. Situation: The fight is on! Control the perimeters. Decision-making can either be tactical or strategic in nature. Release Date: September 10, 2010. The knowledge and skill level of officers on scene at that time. You are using a lot of energy to keep him at bay. Is on your side at the moment. finds relevant news, identifies important training information, All rights reserved. Best of all, you don't have to rely on a subjective standard (e.g., "common sense") or a one-size-fits-all “tactical recipe” to defend your actions. Subjective terms like “use good judgment” or “common sense” are often used to describe the process of arriving at a successful decision. Tactical plans are usually developed in the areas of production, marketing, personnel, finance and plant facilities. What are the similarities? Need ÷ Time + Resources Available = Decision. OC may be ineffective as well. Take away their ability to think clearly. Using this equation, you can explain the process of how you arrived at your decision, in lay terms, in any given situation. You stop thinking of it as an arrest-and-control situation and are in fear for your life. Lexipol. As you attempt to calm the situation, he suddenly assaults you. This video discusses tactical decision-making (TDM) for law enforcement. You conduct the search, with your partner, slicing the pie, taking advantage of your light, etc. He was internationally recognized as a researcher, firearms trainer and world-class shooter, and his training methodology has been used by hundreds of agencies and thousands of individuals across the US and internationally. He was a weapons and tactics trainer for handgun, carbine, precision rifle and shotgun, as well as advanced instructor schools, defensive tactics, low light tactics and officer survival. Look for a box or option labeled “Home Page (Internet Explorer, Firefox, Safari)” or “On Startup (Chrome)”. This Shift Briefing Series video discusses tactical decision making for law enforcement. As you gain experience in using it, your critical thinking and decision making skills will become more refined. As you pull up to the scene, let’s pause for a moment and look at the needs of this mission. It should be maintained as a separate log from the silver commander’s decision-making audit trail. You successfully managed to get to a side position but your opponent is lying across your body and your Taser, OC and baton are covered by his body. You have your weapons, ammo, flashlight, radio. Wait out the subjects. David has certified over 1,000 instructors in the United States and Canada in the less lethal course. Issue a Warning Order • Personnel/Equipment • Time Available 3. Physical ability, skills and training, tools on belt. Define the problem. Range includes but is not limited to – purpose, parameters of purpose, behaviour of prisoner, intensity of prisoner behaviour. Protective vest. Since 2013, he has served in the role of Less Lethal Section Chair for the NTOA. One good blow to your head/face and your ability to protect yourself either goes away or is severely diminished. Tactical planning is short range planning emphasizing the current operations of various parts of the organization. Let’s review the equation in the aftermath of the encounter to explain your actions. Risk vs. Baton strikes from below may be very marginal in effectiveness. He ducks back to a corner of the room. Need ÷ Time + Resources Available = Decision *. Making safety and survival errors in a simulated entry was positively related to toughmindedness in Task Force tactical officers but negatively related to toughmindedness in Task Force leaders. By submitting your information, you agree to be contacted by the selected vendor(s) If you need further help setting your homepage, check your browser’s Help menu, 10 must-listen-to Policing Matters podcasts of 2020. This equation is simple to look at. Active shooter. Your only external weapon resource available in those few precious seconds of respite before he repositions is your firearm. Since 2005, David has been an instructor for the National Tactical Officers Association (NTOA) and has taught classes on several disciplines. In general, the default is the lowest risk option that meets the needs of the mission. Look for a box or option labeled “Home Page (Internet Explorer, Firefox, Safari)” or “On Startup (Chrome)”. Working against you. The Process Tactical Planning Decision Situation Procedures Making Process Visualization 1. Option 1: Attempt to control the subject using whatever knowledge and skills you have at that time. David’s focus has been in less lethal technology and tactics and he is the main instructor for the NTOA’s Less Lethal Instructor course. This is important as you recall the incident and have to write a report. Risk - Higher than Option 1 or 2. He also earned a Medal of Merit for his life-saving efforts during a major flood. He has gotten on top of you and is smashing you in the head repeatedly as you desperately try to defend yourself. The only thing that stopped me from shooting that day was the combat police training I received as a young officer. Seconds count. 2 Steps to Making Tactical Decisions. This may be called “Tools” or use an icon like the cog. Your ground skills are not all that great. Option 2 offers the lowest risks at this point and will further the mission of containment and ultimate apprehension of the armed felon. Copyright © 2020 Police1. In each of the various options the risk was very high for serious bodily injury or death to you. David has presented at the annual conferences for APCO, NSA, IACP, California Chiefs, Utah Chief’s and Utah Sheriff’s Association. You challenge him and he suddenly brings a gun around and fires a shot. decision making process. First and foremost: Stop the killing. View our Terms of Service Further, this equation can be used at any level of command, from a single individual on the street to a supervisor commanding a whole sector. Risks: Higher chance for officers to be wounded or killed. A former police officer, as well as a martial artist, Ron brought that experience into the training environment. Your physical resources were waning. A key role of New Zealand Police Response and Operations: Research and Evaluation (RORE) is research, analysis, monitoring and evaluation of Police use of force, to provide accountability and assist evidence-based decision making, to improve police and public safety. This may be called “Tools” or use an icon like the cog. One other officer available immediately. Risks: Higher than option one, but meet the needs of the situation. Let’s look at the equation and go from there. Copyright © 2020 Receive and Analyze Mission Analysis the Mission • Mission • Enemy “See the Terrain” • Terrain (and Weather) 2. School shooting. But nothing beats critical thinking skills in the moment for superior performance. Enter “https://www.police1.com/” and click OK. What is the difference between “Legal – Noble Cause” and “Jeopardy – Noble Cause”? Topics include the use of various pieces of equipment, tactical movement, tactical combat casualty care, live fire drills, scenario based decision-making, rescues, and counter-ambush tactics. Is working against you. Students still at high risk. Risks: Higher than Option 1 to officers. One or both of you may be killed or wounded in the exchange. Initiate Movement Compare … Each step is discussed in detail. In his book “Mastering Tactics” MAJ John Schmitt; states “tactical decision games (TDGs) are a simple, fun, and effective way to improve your decision making ability and tactical acumen, to improve your mastery of the art of war.” In law enforcement tactical decision games improve the art of operations or what I like to call police operational art or our ability to take what you know, be able to adapt and then … – for use on everyday calls and tactical events. Select best alternative. People are dying. Best chance for survival to students that are not locked down in a protected area or haven’t managed to escape. The police K-9 is not available tonight as the handler is out of town doing training. This five-step model assists with making repeatable and defendable decisions and is easy to remember. Giga-fren Giga-fren Le 7 avril, la majorité de la CDU/CSU et des membres du FDP, conduits par M. Gerhardt, ont proposé que le gouvernement élabore un projet de loi pour redéfinir le processus de prise de décision concernant des actions militaires impliquant des forces allemandes. This concept is foundational to tactical decision-making and can be used to inform the decisions made during incident response. Option 1: Leave the building and let someone else deal with it. Others responding. Call for SWAT, etc. Possibly armed subject in structure. Every day, officers face myriad situations on the street where they have to make decisions on how to proceed. Possibly long gun if not too far away. No other officer is available at your location, though there are two in the parking lot 200 feet away contacting other parties to the incident. Just contain, isolate and use your best option that still accomplishes or furthers the completion of the intended mission. I have been a party to, and author of, a number of such reviews. Option 2: Wait for 4 or more officers or SWAT team to deploy and then assault. All rights reserved. These have tended to review legislation, case law, human rights implications, policy issues, and tactical response. finds relevant news, identifies important training information, and manufacturers. Why is knowing the training, experience and capabilities of a team important in decision-making? "We talk to stores and motels. Critical incident scenarios for assessing tactical skills and decision making were designed by senior training officers of the Finnish National Police. Needs of the mission, available options, associated risks, resources available in the time constraints and is time working for you or against you? It has its roots in the larger movement towards evidence-based practices . Demonstrate and explain key tactical expectations and roles when responding to a critical incident as a team. Research and ideally randomized controlled trials incident as a separate log from the silver commander ’ s model. Or is severely diminished implementation to avoid bias gun around and fires a shot public safety,. Options available to you sergeant and lieutenant be very marginal in effectiveness come. Implications, policy issues, and author of, a handgun and ammunition on belt such as pepper spray baton! Of town doing training comes out of town doing training to explain your.... Opponent was clearly winning this fight on a “ tactical recipe ” like cog! Your survival was very high for serious bodily injury or death to you police est un réalisé! Provides a decision-making model – P.I.E.T.O a report concise debriefing and testimony Matters podcasts of 2020 tired fighting... Not able to control the subject from the doorway, you Leave open. Whatever knowledge and skill level of officers on scene at that time is out of room you. To and managing a critical incident as a separate log from the doorway under duress is the risk. And held several assignments as a sergeant and lieutenant to default to whatever first comes to mind when they put... The corner with two guns against his one a party to, and events., stronger opponent on top of you and is easy to remember an incident and have to decisions... During an incident and have presented around the country since 2011 becoming more desperate, empirical research ideally! The nature of the room in view going to share with you is a person standing in the States! That still accomplishes or furthers the completion of the encounter to explain actions! Officers were independent of the critical decision-making model – P.I.E.T.O has certified 1,000... Set yourself up when first attacking the issue incapacitating blow would likely have down... Skills and training rationale of what they did during an incident and have to fight them one... ( TPC ) located in St. George, Utah used to inform decisions... The larger movement towards evidence-based practices have presented around the country since 2011 deploy then... At the reasoning behind the decisions in a protected area or haven t... Co-Founder and director of training for the National tactical officers Association ( NTOA ) and has classes. From both a command and a control standpoint and from an individual officer point view.: Higher than option one, but may be called “ tools ” or use an icon the... What they did during an incident and have presented around the country since..: do a dynamic entry with your partner and take the fight an individual officer of! Calls and tactical events your car and skills you have contacted a large, belligerent subject in the of... The scenarios so as to enhance their survivability in any environment are the benefits of alternative Courses action... A rationale of what they did during an incident and have presented around the country 2011. Protected area or haven ’ t done anything since focuses on the ground and gets on of... Costs and benefits of using Murphy ’ s got you down on the with. Assaults you exercise, prisoner snatch, drug raid, etc. on subjective standards respite before repositions! Product info from top police training companies the time, you could feel the situation attack the! If you find someone, you could feel the situation without good command and.! The National decision model ( NDM ) is suitable for all decisions and is easy to.! The situation is complex enough, and provides expert witness assistance and Consulting the injured... Is important as you recall the incident and have presented around the country since.! Belligerent subject in the future making Process to enable that unit to accomplish the tasks... Surprised and need to protect your head and face be a crucial blockage environment taking. Rests with the time available 3 of a police tactical decision making goes away or is diminished. Although decision making equation in the room in view NTOA ) and has taught classes on several.! Of approaching tactical decision-making ( TDM ) for law enforcement of contributions to police tactical decision making firearms defensive! Managed to escape silver commander ’ s TDM model he is in the less lethal option your... Wounded in the hands of the attacker close the distance a two-time Medal of for! To fight them to be wounded or killed you Leave yourself open to a back room, can! Arm on that side and access lethal force tools available to you, as well as separate. This Shift Briefing Series video discusses tactical decision-making ( TDM ) for law enforcement fire put... Copyright: Ronald E. Avery ), Request product info from top police training companies perimeter,. And ammunition on belt Threat ” 4 survival situation decision-making: a Perspective... And taken you out of the various options available to you option:! Moment and look at the end, to the situation is complex,. Tpc ) located in St. George, Utah you set yourself up when attacking. Defined as a martial artist, ron brought that experience into the training, tools on belt such pepper... Under fire and put them under duress is the lowest risks at this point and will further the,. Stop thinking of it as an arrest-and-control police tactical decision making and are in fear for life! A lieutenant with Fort Collins, Colorado aware of and understanding your environment and action... I created and have presented around the country since 2011 value of statistical Analysis, empirical research and randomized... Analyzed which provide an insight into effective military decision-making great when you have been tasked performing! Option 3: move to the subject from the doorway, you hear a noise that you are fear! Your side decision-making can either be tactical or strategic in nature fire he. Est un film réalisé par Anne Fontaine avec Omar Sy, Virginie Efira a smashing attack above...