The real value of the Ramayana and Mahabharata is that they present, in stark outline, the difficult public policy choices faced by people, nations and leaders. The tales of the characters in the Ramayana are something that every child listened to their parents and grandparents recite. Devdutt Patnaik has addressed the two significant plays of Indian folklore from the contemporary viewpoint. 3. Hence, there are totally 18 Parvas in the Mahabharata. King Dasarata kept his promise to Kaikeyi, whereas Draupati not kept her promise to Drona. Mahabharata and Ramayana figure in Delhi riots case in court Additional Sessions Judge Amitabh Rawat presided over the hearing when Special Public Prosecutor Amit Prasad relied on the Mahabharata to drive home the point that like the epic, the Delhi riots is also a story of a conspiracy whose “Dhritarashtra” was yet to be identified. The Ramayana contains the story of Rama, the son of King Dasaratha of Ayodhya. actor in the epic. The Comparison of Dharma in the Mahabharata and Ramayana . Vyasa has written the story but Vaisampayana, a disciple of the rishi, is actually telling it. Likewise, the authorship of the Mahabharata is also shrouded with legends and its author is incorporated into the story. Ramayana Versus Mahabharata: My Playful Comparison - Kindle edition by Pattanaik, Devdutt. Whether it is the family structure, forest exile or war, the comparison between the two epics proves a startling point - the Mahabharata is in fact a reaction to the events in the Ramayana. While Ramayana happened in Tretayug, Mahabharata happened in the Dwapar Yug. As they are both very long, it is difficult to summarize them without leaving out important details, but having said that, here is the essence of the stories: The word Ramayana literally means the journey of Rama. But Most of people will not agree with Ramayana being related to perspective, to them I would just say you have not understood it enough. The Ramayana and the Mahabharata are two of India��s greatest epics that have influenced the Hindu way of thinking and belief system. Also, both the protagonists and antagonists in these enlightening epics had its own set of principles and rules. It is also interesting to note that the Mahabharata is associated with the number 18. It begins with Rama��s father��s struggle to have children and ends with Rama��s triumph over evil. Mahabharata and Ramayana figure in Delhi riots case in court Additional Sessions Judge Amitabh Rawat presided over the hearing when Special Public Prosecutor Amit Prasad relied on the Mahabharata to drive home the point that like the epic, the Delhi riots is also a story of a conspiracy whose “Dhritarashtra” was yet to be identified. However, scholars debate whether Vyasa was the real author or just a symbolic author. At the end of their exile, the Pandavas and the Kauravas gathered their allies and went to war against each other. The Ramayana and the Mahabharata are the two epics of India. This shows that the Ramayana has happened in the Treta Yuga and the Mahabharata happened later in the Dwapara Yuga. The plays are main characters are Achilles and Ram, Achilles is a demi god and Ram is an incarnation of God Vishnu. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. It is indeed true that the Mahabharata has gained entry into the Guinness Book of World Records as the longest poem in the world. Though both the epic concludes with the emplacement of In the Mahabharata, Veda Vyasa was the grandfather of the Pandavas and the Kauravas. 7 links between the Ramayana, Mahabharata. It is interesting to note that Rama was never spoken as the incarnation of God in the Ramayana. It is believed that Vyasa, who is the grandfather of the Kauravas and Pandavas, dictated the story to Ganesha, the elephant-headed god of knowledge. Similarities Between the Ramayana and Mahabharata. In the Ramayana, Rama himself is the 7th avatar of the god Vishnu. Troy is attacked and burnt. Rama agreed to go on exile for fourteen years in order to fulfill his dharma as a son. All rights reserved. As a dutiful son, he willingly went on exile with his wife, Sita, and his younger brother, Lakshmana. Consequently, the Pandavas then had to go on exile for a total of thirteen years, during which they prepared themselves for war. Brahmin’s story was inspired by earlier events that occurred when Aryans worked hard to rule the Dravidians who were in Southern … The Iliad on the other hand, though the content is inspired by the stories abounding in those times, has a crisper structure. Ramayana war is fought mainly on sea shore and the monkey army did face great difficulties in getting through to Lanka. His sons, Lava and Kusha take the mantle of kingship. Updated: 21 Apr 2020, 02:13 PM IST R. Jagannathan. Whether it is the family structure, forest exile, or war, the comparison between the two epics prove a startling point–the Mahabharata is in fact a reaction to the events in the Ramayana. It is more than twice the length of the bible, but the Mahabharata is even longer. People believe that Lord Ram was the incarnation of Lord Vishnu. The Ramayana is an idealistic story where the distinction between good and bad is clear. The Ramayana described the battles at their earliest phase where sophisticated weapons were not used. Rama on the other hand, in the Ramayana is said to have killed Subahu, when he was a teenaged boy. On the other hand, the Mahabharata contains the story of the rivalry between the Pandavas and the Kauravas, who were both called by the name of Purus. Ravana abducts Sita, wife of a king. Rama is the son of King Dasaratha, but he is also an incarnation of the god Vishnu, born in human form to do battle with the demon lord Ravana. Devdutt Patnaik has addressed the two significant plays of Indian folklore from the contemporary viewpoint. The ascent of Islam in Indonesia could not make the influence of Mahabharata and Ramayana fade.The hallowed epicsparticularly survived due to their usage as political philosophy and political allegory by Indonesia’s political leaders who were prominently Muslim. The Harivamsa Parva is a compilation of the story of Krishna. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. The Trojan war is fought on the beach as well, the greeks found it extremely difficult to took over Troy. In the story, Duryodhana invited the Pandavas to a game of dice where the Yudhistira staked everything and lost. Ramayana Versus Mahabharata: My Playful Comparison | Pattanaik, Devdutt, Singh, Surjan | ISBN: 9781799773313 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. However the purpose of both the Avatars was the same. The Mahabharata is a less black-and-white story with less than ideal characters. so, the keeping of the promise in the Ramayana and the breaking of the promise in the Mahabharata are key events in the respective epics. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. It is a story of the triumph of good over evil that is shown through the victory of Rama who defeated the demon Ravana who had abducted his wife. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. The plot is relatively less complicated and follows a clearer progression. The Ramayana was written by Sage Valmiki. Andererseits wurde das Mahabharata von dem Weisen Vyasa geschrieben. Brahmin who was named Valmiki wrote the poems that were made public between 400 and 200 BCE. 1. The Maha-bharata, based on the legends and traditions of a great historical war, is the Iliad of India. It deals with how Rama fought against Ravana, the king of Lanka and killed him in a hard fought battle. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "Ramayana and Mahabharata" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } Ideas in this book are distributed over 56 chapters. However the purpose of both the Avatars was the same. On the other hand, the Mahabharata was written by Sage Vyasa. Ramayana and Mahabharata- World runs on single term "Perspective" About Mahabharata on being subjective about good and bad is well known so there is no need of example. Krishna himself, who is Arjuna��s charioteer and advisor, is the 8th avatar of Vishnu. Rama and Krishna are thought to be incarnations of God and their ways are to the believing Hindu’s the ways of God. Paris abducts Helen, wife of a king. And in my opinion, whereas Ramayana deals with the endeavor of its character within the bracket of idealism, Mahabharata is primarily a strife which gives subjective treatment to the issues and crisis that prevailed. Barack Obama wrote that even before he visited India (twice, 2010 and 2015) he had been fascinated with the country, that it held a ‘special … The Pandavas are the five sons of Pandu, the rightful king of the Hastinapura Kingdom. Rama is a good person. Whether it is the family structure, forest exile or war, the comparison between the two epics proves a startling point - the Mahabharata is in fact a reaction to the events in the Ramayana. In other words, he was portrayed as a mere human being by the poet Sage Valmiki. He … The Ramayana itself is a very lengthy story with almost 24,000 verses. Despite there being so much time difference in the epics there are still a lot of similarities … View Dharma in Ramayana and Mahabharata a Comparative Analysis Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. There are 7 Kandas in all in the Ramayana. On the other hand, the Mahabharata described battles in which sophisticated weapons were used. Both stories idealize fulfilling one��s dharma despite one��s desires. Krishna plays an important role through his encouragement of Arjuna to proceed with the war and defeat Duryodhana. The texts of Mahabharata and Ramayana have been circulated in Indonesia since the 10 th century A.D at least. Rama was born as the eldest of the sons of the King of the Kosala Kingdom. Ramayana and Mahabharata are based on truthfulness and rightfulness respectively. Rama finally enters into the Sarayu River to complete his incarnation. The characters of the Maha-bharata are characters of flesh and blood, with the virtues and crimes of great actors in the historic world; the characters of the Ramayana are more often the ideals of manly devotion to truth, and of womanly faithfulness and love in domestic life. His eldest two sons were Yudhistira and Arjuna. The two epics are believed to be partially based on historical events and are considered to be ��itihasa�� in Sanskrit, which means historical texts. It was said that Vyasa dictated the Mahabharata without stopping and finished the project in three years. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Ramayana Versus Mahabharata: My Playful Comparison. Filed Under: people Tagged With: Dwapara Yuga, epics of India, Hastinapura, Kauravas, Kurukshetra, longest poem in the world, Lord Krishna, Mahabharata, Pandavas, Purus, Rama, Ramayana, Ravana, Sage Valmiki, Sage Vyasa, Sita, Treta Yuga. And in my opinion, whereas Ramayana deals with the endeavor of its character within the bracket of idealism, Mahabharata is primarily a strife which gives subjective treatment to the issues and crisis that prevailed. In Hindu culture, Hanuman is perceived as the god of strength and can be distinguished by his monkey-like appearance. Between 1919 and 1966, scholars at the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Pune, compared the various manuscripts of the epic from India and abroad and produced the Critical Edition of the Mahabharata, on 13,000 pages in 19 volumes, followed by the Harivamsha in another two volumes and six index volumes. For example, the main characters of both stories are royal princes of a kingdom who had to go on an extended period of exile during which they lived as commoners. The Ramayana contains the story of Rama, the son of King Dasaratha of Ayodhya. The Mahabharata��s plot is also much more complex as there are numerous side stories about many of the various characters involved. Despite being set in different yugas, there are characters who appear in both the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. The Ramayana contains 24,000 verses, whereas the Mahabharata is considered the longest poem ever written, and it contains 100,000 verses. On the other hand, the Kauravas are the one hundred sons of Dhritarashtra, who is Pandu��s blind elder brother. In the case of both epics, the Mahabharata and the Ramayana, the authors played a significant role. Das Ramayana wurde von Sage Valmiki geschrieben. The Mahabharata is essentially the story of the rivalry between two bands of brothers in the Hastinapura Kingdom, which culminates in a great battle. In his new book 'A Promised Land', Barack Obama says that India was always close to his heart due to his childhood years spent in Indonesia listening to the epic Hindu tales of the Ramayana and Mahabharata. India vs China: 16 Major Travel Differences, 9-Day India��s Golden Triangle with Tiger Safari, 9-Day India��s Golden Triangle with Varanasi, The Hindu Epic Ramayana and the Main Characters, The Hindu Epic Mahabharata and its Main Characters, Involvement of Hindu gods, including the avatars of Vishnu, Attributed to Valmiki, around the 5th century, Attributed to Vyasa, from the 4th century. RAMAYANA - EPILOGUE BY THE TRANSLATOR . The two major epics of ancient India, Mahabharata and Ramayana, came in for reference by both, the prosecution and accused, to argue their cases, while drawing comparison between the books, the mythological characters and the alleged conspiracy of the riots. Having said all the similarities above, there are also significant differences between the two epics: The Ramayana is traditionally thought to be written by a sage called Maharishi Valmiki around 5th century BC, making it older than the Mahabharata. Lanka attacked and burned (Hanuman) 2. May each chapter serve as a mouthwatering offering to the … Ramayana Versus Mahabharata: My Playful Comparison (English Edition) eBook: Pattanaik, Devdutt: Amazon.de: Kindle-Shop 2. The Ramayana is a book reciting a war against foreigners, and people of another species. 1. MAHABHARATA - TRANSLATOR'S EPILOGUE. 2. Finally, they were able to defeat Ravana through a fierce battle and save Sita. The Ramayana contains 24,000 verses, whereas the Mahabharata is considered the longest poem ever written, and it contains 100,000 verses. Ramayana and the Illiad. Essay #1: The Mahabharata and Ramayana compared: What are the similarities and differences between the two Sanskrit epics, in terms of plot, character types, and themes? Sie zeigen einige Unterschiede zwischen ihnen, wenn es um ihre Kompositionsdaten, Autoren, Charaktere und dergleichen geht. Obama on fascination for India in book. Here are just some of them: Hindu gods appear in both the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. The Ramayana took place in the Treta Yuga and the Mahabharata in the Dwapar Yuga. On the other hand, Krishna is sometimes portrayed as an incarnation of God in the Mahabharata. Opinion | Ramayana, Mahabharata and moral choices we face in this covid crisis 4 min read. Vibhishana, the brother of Ravana is coroneted as the king of Lanka. The Sumerians inspired the Hindus to write the Ramayana and Mahabharata poetic stories on the power of the gods and the ideals on how people should live. In his search for Sita, Rama befriended Hanuman, a monkey-human god, who was a great help to the prince. There are lesser detours in the story than the Mahabharata. Each chapter is called as a Parva. Ramayana war is fought mainly on sea shore and the monkey army did face great difficulties in getting through to Lanka. Even though the Ramayana and the Mahabharata were written many centuries ago, they are still very popular in India and even in some Southeast Asian countries. Similarities between Ramayana and Iliyad. The tales of the characters in the Ramayana are something that every child listened to their parents and grandparents recite. The texts of Mahabharata and Ramayana have been circulated in Indonesia since the 10 th century A.D at least. This is how the Mahabharata ends. Ramayana Versus Mahabharata: My Playful Comparison (Hörbuch-Download): Amazon.de: Devdutt Pattanaik, Surjan Singh, Audible Studios: Audible Audiobooks It is the life story of the king of Ayodhya Lord Ram. This is how the Ramayaua ends. He is the ideal son, brother, and husband. The two major epics of ancient India, Mahabharata and Ramayana, came in for reference by both, the prosecution and accused, to argue their cases, while drawing comparison between the books, the mythological characters and the alleged conspiracy of the … The 7 Kandas of the Ramayana are Bala Kanda, Ayodhya Kanda, Aranya Kanda, Kishkinda Kanda, Sundara Kanda, Yuddha Kanda and Uttara Kanda. It is indeed true that the Mahabharata has gained entry into the Guinness Book of World Records as the longest poem in the world. Ravana had erred by abducting the wife of Rama, Sita by name. The Ramayana is a book reciting a war against foreigners, and people of another species. The eldest of the Kauravas is Duryodhana, who is the main antagonist in the story. Despite being completely different stories, there are many similarities between the Mahabharata and the Ramayana. The Mahabharata contains 18 long chapters. We are all aware of the Mahabharata and Ramayana, but there are many such great epics that originated in the southern India which was written in Tamil, that focused mainly on Dravidian literature. Difference Between Shaadi.com and BharatMatrimony.com, Difference Between NRE Account and NRO Account, Difference Between Carnatic Music and Hindustani Music, Difference Between Coronavirus and Cold Symptoms, Difference Between Coronavirus and Influenza, Difference Between Coronavirus and Covid 19, Difference Between Negotiation and Arbitration, Difference Between Caseating and Noncaseating Granuloma, Difference Between 5 HTP Tryptophan and L-Tryptophan, Difference Between N Glycosylation and O Glycosylation, Difference Between Epoxy and Fiberglass Resin. The main protagonists in the story, Arjuna and Yudhistira, are portrayed as honorable individuals with character flaws. DUE: Thursday, February 27th (by 11:59 pm). View Dharma in Ramayana and Mahabharata a Comparative Analysis Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. At several other places, he too was considered a human being who ruled over the city of Dwaraka. Ramayana versus Mahabharata - My Playful Comparison is not very comprehensive but will indeed bestow you a different outlook towards both of the old- age tales. The famous valors of Rama and Lakshmana are something that everyone has heard. The literal meaning of Vyasa is ��compiler��. However, this was not the end of the story as Sita had to prove her chastity by walking through fire before Rama was willing to take her back. The ascent of Islam in Indonesia could not make the influence of Mahabharata and Ramayana fade.The hallowed epicsparticularly survived due to their usage as political philosophy and political allegory by Indonesia’s political leaders who were prominently Muslim. Rama worships Shiva and he is said to have established the Rameshwar Temple in Tamil Nadu. He lived long after the Pandavas and … Performances based on the Mahabharata can also be watched during the Mahabharata festival which takes place in December. The Mahabharata ends with the war of Kurukshetra, in which all the 100 Kauravas are killed by the 5 Pandavas, with the help of Krishna. Fortunately, with the help of the gods, she was able to do so and remained unharmed. A winning attempt to illustrate how our actions emerge from the spirit of Ram and Krishna's. The Iliad was composed in the Ionic dialect of Review of “Ramayana vs Mahabharata – My Playful Comparison” – Devdutt Pattanaik The depiction of God Vishnu as a king (Ram) and another as a kingmaker (Krishna) are beautifully compared and compiled by Devdutt Pattanaik. The two major epics of ancient India, Mahabharata and Ramayana, came in for reference by both, the prosecution and accused, to argue their cases, … so, the keeping of the promise in the Ramayana and the breaking of the promise in the Mahabharata are key events in the respective epics. In both the epics Lord Vishnu took two distinct Avatars. Brahmin’s story was inspired by earlier events that occurred when Aryans worked hard to rule the Dravidians who were in Southern … During the exile, Sita was abducted by Ravana, the demon king of Lanka (present-day Sri Lanka). Hindu gods appear in both the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. Mahabharata and Ramayana were repeatedly mentioned during the hearing in the court of communal riots in north-east Delhi in February this year. Troy is attacked and burnt. Formal elevated style Both the epics use an elevated style of language. Arjuna willingly shared her with his brothers, making her the wife of five husbands. The Ramayana, describing the wanderings and adventures of a prince banished from his country, has so … From listening to Ramayana and Mahabharata in his formative years to reading about Mahatma Gandhi later in life, Obama says India has always held a special place for him. There are also many similarities in the plot of the Mahabharata and the Ramayana. Yudhistira, the rightful king, lost everything in a game of dice due to his greed and weakness for gambling. While the Ramayana shows how a person should live in righteousness and in accordance with dharma, the Mahabharata shows that in real life, things are often more complicated. The Mahabharata is the longest epic poem ever written, consisting of 100,000 verses, or 1.8 million words in total which is 4 times the length of the Ramayana. He is portrayed as loyal, dutiful, righteous, courageous, wise, strong, and even handsome. The Ramayana and The Mahabharata are not simply stories of heroism, but they embody the socio-religious ideals of millions of people of India known as Hindus. A winning attempt to illustrate how our actions emerge from the spirit of Ram and Krishna's. Moreover, both stories end with a great battle at the end of the exile of the protagonists. Another Hindu god present in the Ramayana … The famous valors of Rama and Lakshmana are something that everyone has heard. In the Mahabharata, before the Kurukshetra War, Arjuna was distressed because he did not want to go to war with his cousins. He also did not come to her defense when she was assaulted by the Kauravas. On the other hand, the Mahabharata covers up to four generations of stories, beginning with Arjuna��s great grandparents. Ramayana aired in 1987-88 on DD National. 1. Ramayana versus Mahabharata - My Playful Comparison is not very comprehensive but will indeed bestow you a different outlook towards both of the old- age tales. Subscribe to Epified Here: http://goo.gl/LDjISW Reading Mahabharat and Ramayana together gives you the best knowledge of Good, Evil, Victory. Even 13th century famous Dvaita saint Madhvacharya has given his commentary in his work called Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya. The narrative in the Mahabharata is complex in comparison. Ideas in this book are distributed over 56 chapters. Popular version with 7 Kandas or books (including Uttara Kanda) contains 18,836 verses spanning 606 chapters. Which strikes you as more significant, the similarities or the differences, and why? Ramayana is based on truthfulness. The Sumerians inspired the Hindus to write the Ramayana and Mahabharata poetic stories on the power of the gods and the ideals on how people should live. Though both the epic concludes with the emplacement of Brahmin who was named Valmiki wrote the poems that were made public between 400 and 200 BCE. Professor November 22, 2011 Second Writing Assignment Ramayana and the Iliad are two important literature pieces from Greece and India, both plays are set in time when Gods were known to make appearance on normal basis. In both the epics Lord Vishnu took two distinct Avatars. In his new book 'A Promised Land', Barack Obama says that India was always close to his heart due to his childhood years spent in Indonesia listening to the epic Hindu tales of the Ramayana and Mahabharata. It is believed that the Uttara Kanda might have been a later addition or interpolation according to some scholars. In the Ramayana, Sita while banished from Rama, stayed at the hermitage of Valmiki, while Valmiki tutored Luv and Kush, the son’s borne to Lord Rama by Sita. The Ramayana took place in the Treta Yuga and the Mahabharata in the Dwapar Yuga. At Asia Highlights, we provide tailor-made tours and will help you plan a memorable journey across this enchanting country. Tag your travels with #asiahighlights and you may be featured. Review of “Ramayana vs Mahabharata – My Playful Comparison” – Devdutt Pattanaik The depiction of God Vishnu as a king (Ram) and another as a kingmaker (Krishna) are beautifully compared and compiled by Devdutt Pattanaik. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. His goal was to defeat Ravana and to restore dharma. They are worshipped in temples and remember in time of stress and strain in national and personal life. It is likely that the Mahabharata was compiled by many people over several centuries. Rama is the son of King Dasaratha, but he is also an incarnation of the god Vishnu, born in human form to do battle with the demon lord Ravana. Lanka attacked and burned (Hanuman) 2. ANCIENT India, like ancient Greece, boasts of two great Epics. The story of RAMAYANA And just to let you know what you are in for, here is a very brief summary of the Ramayana, the adventures of lord Rama. In both Ramayana and Mahabharata, different ideology was followed. King Dasarata kept his promise to Kaikeyi, whereas Draupati not kept her promise to Drona. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Ramayana Versus Mahabharata: My Playful Comparison. Ramayana and Mahabharata both were written in two different eras. Indian Epics, Ramayana, Mahabharata. They feel that the Bala Kanda is also a kind of later addition to the original Ramayana that might have contained only 5 Kandas to begin with. He also fulfilled his dharma as a kshatriya (warrior) by killing demons and his dharma as a husband by saving his wife. This was end of evil and victory of truth. The two major epics of ancient India, Mahabharata and Ramayana, came in for reference by both, the prosecution and accused, to argue their cases, … Learn more about the Ramayana and the Mahabharata as you visit India��s cultural sites and watch exquisite cultural performances. His goal was to defeat Ravana and to restore dharma. 7 links between the Ramayana, Mahabharata. Ravana, on the other hand, is the evil lustful demon that needs to be defeated. Below are some of the major differences between Ramayana and Mahabharata. Ramayana Versus Mahabharata: My Playful Comparison - Kindle edition by Pattanaik, Devdutt. The Ramayana and Mahabharata, by Romesh C. Dutt, [1899], at sacred-texts.com. Different ideology was followed your Kindle device, PC, phones or.. And went to war with his cousins willingly went on exile for total. And Krishna 's twice the length of the Ramayana are something that everyone has heard hundred sons of Hastinapura... Relationships, he willingly went on exile for fourteen years in order to his. Dharma ( moral order ) and is portrayed as greedy, jealous, and people of another species Hindu.! In family relationships, he willingly went on exile for a total of 5202 slokas in 32 chapters is the. Advisor, is the ideal son, brother, Lakshmana are two of India��s greatest that... Slokas in 32 chapters, when he was a teenaged boy number 18 twice length... Who ruled over the city of Dwaraka shrouded with legends and its author is into! 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